Full list of publications


see also my Google Scholar profile or my Scopus profile

Acepted papers - in press

Journal papers:

F Van de Steen, L Faes, E Karahan, J Songsiri, PA Valdes Sosa, Daniele Marinazzo, 'Critical comments on EEG sensor space dynamical connectivity analysis', Brain Topogr., in press, 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s10548-016-0538-7.

A Porta, V Bari, B De Maria, ACM Takahashi, S Guzzetti, R Colombo, AM Catai, F Raimondi, L Faes, 'Quantifying net synergy/redundancy of cardiovascular control via predictability and transfer entropy decomposition frameworks ', IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 2017;  DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2017.2654509.

A Beda,  DMS Simpson, L Faes 'Estimation of Confidence Limits for Descriptive Indexes Derived from Autoregressive analysis of  Time Series: Methods and Application to Heart Rate Variability', PLOS ONE, 2017, in press.

G Valenza, L Faes, L Citi, M Orini, R Barbieri, 'Instantaneous Transfer Entropy for the Study of Cardiovascular and Cardio-Respiratory Nonlinear Dynamics', IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 2017, in press.

Book Chapters:

L Faes, G Nollo, A Porta: 'Information decomposition: a tool to break down cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory  complexity', in "Complexity and Nonlinearity in Cardiovascular Signals", G Valenza, R Barbieri (eds.), Springer; 2017, in press.


Published - Book Chapters

L Faes, 'Assessing connectivity in the presence of instantaneous causality', in Methods in Brain Connectivity Inference through Multivariate Time Series Analysis; L Baccalà, K Sameshima (eds); CRC press, Taylor and Francis; 2014, pp. 87-112. ISBN: 9781439845721.

L Faes, A Porta, 'Conditional entropy-based evaluation of information dynamics in physiological systems', in Directed Information Measures in Neuroscience, R Vicente, M Wibral, J Lizier (eds), Springer-Verlag; 2014, pp. 61-86; ISBN: 978-3-642-54473-6; DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-54474-3.

A Porta, L Faes, G Nollo, ACM Takahashi, AM Catai: 'Influences of aging on cardiovascular control evaluated through a model-free approach to the assessment of complexity and causality', in Interpretation of ECG time series using inter-beat variability analysis: From engineering to medicine; H Jelinek, A Khandoker, D Conforth (eds.), CRC Press; 2015, in press.

L Faes, G Nollo, 'Multivariate frequency domain analysis of causal interactions in physiological time series', in Biomedical Engineering, Trends in Electronics, Communications and Software; AN Laskovski (ed); INTECH, 2011; pp. 403-428. ISBN: 978-953-307-475-7.

F Ravelli, L Faes, V Corino, L Mainardi: 'Organization measures of atrial activity during fibrillation', in Understanding Atrial Fibrillation. The Signal Processing Contribution; L Mainardi, L Sornmo, S Cerutti (eds); Morgan & Claypool, 2008; pp. 127-150.


Published - Journal papers

2017
L Faes, A Porta, G Nollo, M Javorka, 'Information decomposition in multivariate systems: definitions, implementation and application to cardiovascular networks', Entropy, special issue on Multivariate entropy measures and their applications, 2017, 19(1), 5. DOI: 10.3390/e19010005

M Javorka, B Czippelova, Z Turianikova, Z Lazarova, I Tonhajzerova, L Faes, 'Causal analysis of short-term cardiovascular variability: state-dependent contribution of feedback and feedforward mechanisms', Med. Biol. Eng. Comput., 2017, 55:179-190; DOI: 10.1007/s11517-016-1492-y.

M Javorka, J Krohova, B Czippelova, Z Turianikova, Z Lazarova, I Tonhajzerova, L Faes, 'Basic Cardiovascular Variability Signals: Mutual Directed Interactions Explored in the Information Domain', Physiol. Meas., 2017; 38:877-894; DOI: 10.1088/1361-6579/aa5b77.

V Bari, B De Maria, G Rossato, D Tonon, G Nollo, L Faes, A Porta, 'Cerebrovascular and cardiovascular variability interactions investigated through conditional joint transfer entropy in subjects prone to postural syncope', Physiol. Meas., 2017; 38:976-991; DOI: 10.1088/1361-6579/aa638c.

A Alcaine, M Masè, A Cristoforetti, F Ravelli, G Nollo, P Laguna, JP Martinez, L Faes, 'A multi-variate predictability framework to assess invasive cardiac activity and interactions during atrial fibrillation', IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 2017; 64(5):1157-1168. DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2016.2592953

A Porta, B De Maria, V Bari, A Marchi, L Faes, 'Are nonlinear model-free approaches for the assessment of the entropy-based complexity of the cardiac control superior to a linear model-based one?',  IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., 2017; 64(6), 1287-1296. DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2016.2600160

W Xiong, L Faes, P Ch Ivanov, 'Entropy measures, entropy estimators and their performance in quantifying complex dynamics: effects of artifacts, nonstationarity and long-range correlations', Phys. Rev. E, 2017; 95:062114 (37 pages). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.95.062114

L Minati, M Frasca, P Oswiecimka, L Faes, S Drozdz, 'Atypical transistor-based chaotic oscillators: design, realization, and diversity', Chaos, 2017; 27:073113 (13 pages). DOI: 10.1063/1.4994815

L Faes, D Marinazzo, S Stramaglia, 'Multiscale information decomposition: exact computation for multivariate Gaussian processes', Entropy, special issue on Multivariate entropy measures and their applications, 2017, 19(8), 408. DOI: 10.3390/e19080408.


2016
A Porta, L Faes, 'Wiener-Granger Causality in Network Physiology with Applications to Cardiovascular Control and Neuroscience', Proceedings of the IEEE 2016; 104(2): 282-309. DOI:10.1109/JPROC.2015.2476824.

L Faes, D Marinazzo, S Stramaglia, F Jurysta, A Porta, G Nollo, 'Predictability decomposition detects the impairment of brain-heart dynamical networks during sleep disorders and their recovery with treatment', Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, special issue on "Uncovering brain-heart information through advanced signal and image processing", 2016; 374:20150177. DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0177

V Bari, A Marchi, B De Maria, G Rossato, G Nollo, L Faes, A Porta, 'Nonlinear effects of respiration on the crosstalk between cardiovascular and cerebrovascular control systems in individuals experiencing postural syncope during head up tilt', Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, special issue on "Uncovering brain-heart information through advanced signal and image processing", 2016; 374:20150179. DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2015.0179.

S Stramaglia, L Angelini, G Wu,  JM Cortes, L Faes, D Marinazzo, 'Synergetic and redundant information flow detected by unnormalized Granger causality: application to resting state fMRI', IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., special issue on Brain Connectivity, 2016; 63(12):2518-2524. DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2016.2559578.

L Faes, D Marinazzo, G Nollo, A Porta 'An information-theoretic framework to map the spatio-temporal dynamics of the scalp electroencephalogram', IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng., special issue on Brain Connectivity, 2016; 63(12):2488-2496. DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2016.2569823.

JP Florian, KH Chon, L Faes, B Shykoff, 'Breathing 100% oxygen during water immersion improves post-immersion cardiovascular responses to orthostatic stress', Physiol. Rep. 2016, 4(23): e13031. DOI: 10.14814/phy2.13031.



2015
L Faes, D Kugiumtzis, A Montalto, G Nollo, D Marinazzo, 'Estimating the decomposition of predictive information in multivariate systems', Phys. Rev. E 2015; 91:032904 (16 pages).

L Faes
, A Porta, G Nollo, 'Information decomposition in bivariate systems: theory and application to cardiorespiratory dynamics', Entropy, special issue on “Entropy and Cardiac Physics”, 2015, 17:277-303.

L Faes, D Marinazzo, F Jurysta, G Nollo, 'Linear and nonlinear analysis of brain-heart and brain-brain interactions during sleep', Phys. Meas. 2015; 36:683-698.

L Schiatti, G Nollo, G Rossato, L Faes, 'Extended Granger causality: a new tool to identify the structure of physiological networks', Phys. Meas. 2015; 36:827-843.

A Porta, G Nollo, L Faes, 'Editorial: Bridging the gap between the development of advanced biomedical signal processing tools and clinical practice', Phys. Meas. 2015; 36:627-631.

C Varon, A Montalto, K Jansen, L Lagae, D Marinazzo, L Faes, S Van Huffel, 'Interictal cardiorespiratory variability in temporal lobe and absence epilepsy in childhood', Phys. Meas. 2015; 36:845-856.

D Widjaja, A Montalto, E Vlemincx, D Marinazzo, S Van Huffel, L Faes, 'Cardiorespiratory information dynamics during mental arithmetic and sustained attention', PLOS ONE 2015; 10(6): e0129112 (14 pages).

A Porta, L Faes, G Nollo, V Bari, A Marchi, B De Maria, ACM Takahashi, AM Catai, 'Conditional self-entropy and conditional joint transfer entropy in heart period variability during graded postural challenge', PLoS ONE 2015; 10(7):e0132851 (21 pages); doi:10.1371/journalpone.0132851.

A Montalto, S Stramaglia, L Faes, G Tessitore, R Prevete, D Marinazzo, 'Neural networks with non-uniform embedding and explicit validation phase to assess Granger causality', Neural Networks 2015;71:159-171. DOI:10.1016/j.neunet.2015.08.003.

A Porta, L Faes, A. Marchi, V. Bari, B. De Maria, S. Guzzetti, R. Colombo, F. Raimondi 'Disentangling cardiovascular control mechanisms during head-down tilt via joint transfer entropy and self-entropy decompositions', Frontiers Physiol. 2015; 6:00301 (14 pages). DOI:10.3389/fphys.2015.00301


2014
L Faes, G Nollo, F Jurysta, D Marinazzo, 'Information dynamics of brain-heart physiological networks during sleep', New J Phys 2014; 16:105005 (20 pages).

A Montalto, L Faes, D. Marinazzo, 'MuTE: a MATLAB toolbox to compare established and novel estimators of the multivariate transfer entropy', PLOS ONE 2014; 9(10):e109462 (13 pages).

L Faes, D Marinazzo, A Montalto, G Nollo, 'Lag-specific transfer entropy as a tool to assess cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory information transfer', IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2014; 61(10):2556-2568. DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2014.2323131

A Porta, L Faes, V Bari, A Marchi, T Bassani, G Nollo, ACM Takahashi, AM Catai, 'Effect of age on complexity and causality of the cardiovascular control: comparison between model-based and model-free approaches', PLOS ONE 2014; 9(2):e89463 (14 pages).

2013
L Faes, G Nollo, A Porta: 'Compensated transfer entropy as a tool for reliably estimating information transfer in physiological time series', Entropy; special issue on “Transfer Entropy”, 2013; 15(1):198-219.

L Faes, G Nollo: 'Measuring frequency domain Granger causality for multiple blocks of interacting time series', Biol Cyb 2013; 107:217-232 (DOI 10.1007/s00422-013-0547-5).

L Faes, S Erla, A Porta, G Nollo: 'A framework for assessing frequency domain causality in physiological time series with instantaneous effects', Philosophical Transactions A, special issue on “Causality in Brain Dynamics and Cardiovascular Control”; 2013;371:20110618 (21 pages).

A Porta, P Castiglioni, M Di Rienzo, T Bassani, V Bari, M Zanirato, L Faes, G Nollo, A Cividjan, L Quintin: 'Cardiovascular control and time domain Granger causality: insight from selective autonomic blockade', Philosophical Transactions A, special issue on “Causality in Brain Dynamics and Cardiovascular Control”; 2013;371:20120161 (16 pages).

L Faes, A Porta, G Rossato, A Adami, D Tonon, A Corica, G Nollo: 'Investigating the mechanisms of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular regulation in orthostatic syncope through an information decomposition strategy', Autonomic Neurosci 2013; 178:76-82.

L Faes, M Masè, G Nollo, KH Chon, JP Florian: 'Measuring postural-related changes of spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity after repeated long-duration diving: frequency domain approaches', Autonomic Neurosci 2013; 178:96-102.

L Faes, G Nollo, A Porta: 'Mechanisms of causal interaction between short-term heart period and arterial pressure oscillations during orthostatic challenge', J Appl Physiol 2013;114:1657-1667.

JP Florian, EE Simmons, KH Chon, L Faes, B Shykoff: 'Cardiovascular and autonomic responses to physiological stressors before and after six hours of water immersion', J Appl Physiol 2013; 115:1275-1289.

A Porta, L Faes: 'Assessing causality in brain dynamics and cardiovascular control', Philosophical Transactions A, editorial of the special issue on “Causality in Brain Dynamics and Cardiovascular Control”, 2013;371:20120517 (5 pages).

2012
L Faes, RG Andrzejak, M Ding, D Kugiumtzis: 'Methodological Advances in Brain Connectivity', Comp Math Methods Med, editorial of the special issue on “Methodological Advances in Brain Connectivity”, 2012; 492902:2 pages.

L Faes, G Nollo, A Porta: 'Non-uniform multivariate embedding to assess the information transfer in cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory variability series', Comput Biol Med 2012; 42:290-297.

S Erla, L Faes, G Nollo, C Braun, C Papadelis: 'Multivariate EEG Spectral Analysis elicits the functional link between motor and visual cortex during integrative sensorimotor tasks', Biomed Signal Process Control 2012; 7:221-227.

U Richter, L Faes, F Ravelli, L Sörnmo, 'Propagation pattern analysis during atrial fibrillation based on sparse modeling', IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2012; 59(5):1319-1328.

L Faes, S Erla, G Nollo: 'Measuring connectivity in linear multivariate processes: definitions, interpretation and practical analysis', Comp Math Methods Med, special issue on “Methodological Advances in Brain Connectivity”, 2012; 140513:18 pages.

L Faes, S Erla, G Nollo: 'Block partial directed coherence: a new tool for the structural analysis of brain Networks', Int J Bioelectromag 2012;14(4):162-166.

2011
U Richter, L Faes, A Cristoforetti, M Masè, F Ravelli, M Stridh, L Sörnmo: 'A novel approach to propagation patterns analysis in intracardiac atrial fibrillation signals ', Ann Biomed Eng 2011; 39(1):310-323.

S Erla, L Faes, E Tranquillini, D Orrico, G Nollo: 'k-nearest neighbour local linear prediction for quantifying EEG complexity during intermittent photic stimulation', Med Eng Phys 2011; 33(4):504-512.

M Masè, W Mattei, R Cucino, L Faes, G Nollo: 'Feasibility of cuff-less measurement of systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure', J Electrocardiol 2011; 44:201-207.

L Faes, G Nollo, A Porta: 'Information-based detection of nonlinear Granger causality in multivariate processes via a nonuniform embedding technique', Phys Rev E; 2011; 83(5 Pt 1):051112.

L Faes, G Nollo, A Porta: 'Information domain approach to the investigation of cardio-vascular, cardio-pulmonary and vasculo-pulmonary causal couplings', Front Physiol, Special Issue “Engineering Approaches to Study Cardiovascular Physiology: Modeling, Estimation, and Signal Processing”, 2011; 2:80.

2010
L Faes, A Porta, G Nollo: 'Testing frequency domain causality in multivariate time series', IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2010; 57(8):1897-1906.

L Faes, G Nollo: 'Assessing frequency domain causality in cardiovascular time series with instantaneous interactions', Meth Inf Med 2010; 49(5);453-457.

S Erla, L Faes, G Nollo: 'Quantifying changes in EEG complexity induced by photic stimulation', Meth Inf Med 2010; 49(4); 496-500.

L Faes, G Nollo: ' Extended causal modeling to assess Partial Directed Coherence in multiple time series with significant instantaneous interactions', Biol Cyb 2010; 103:387-400.

2009
G Nollo, L Faes, R Antolini, A Porta: 'Assessing causality in normal and impaired short-term cardiovascular regulation via nonlinear prediction methods', Phil Trans R Soc A 2009;367:1423-40.

L Faes, Ki H Chon, G Nollo: 'A method for the time-varying nonlinear prediction of complex nonstationary biomedical signals', IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2009;56(2):205-209.

L Faes, H Zhao, Ki H Chon, G Nollo: 'Time-varying surrogate data to assess nonlinearity in nonstationary time series: application to heart rate variability', IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2009;56(3):685-695.

S Erla, L Faes, E Tranquillini, D Orrico, G Nollo: 'Multivariate autoregressive model with instantaneous effects to improve brain connectivity estimation', Int J Bioelectromag 2009; 11(2):74-79.

2008
A Cristoforetti, L Faes, F Ravelli, M Centonze, M Del Greco, R Antolini, G Nollo: 'Isolation of the left atrial surface from cardiac multi-detector CT images based on marker controlled watershed segmentation', Med Eng Phys 2008;30(1):48-58.

L Faes, G Nollo, K H Chon: 'Assessment of Granger causality by nonlinear model identification: application to short-term cardiovascular variability', Ann Biomed Eng 2008;36(3):381-395.

G Nollo, M Marconcini, L Faes, F Bovolo, F Ravelli, L Bruzzone: 'An Automatic system for the analysis and the classification of human atrial fibrillation patterns from intracardiac electrograms', IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2008;55(9):2275-2285.

Y Bai, KL Siu, S Ashraf, L Faes, G Nollo, KH Chon: 'Nonlinear coupling is absent in acute myocardial patients but not healthy subjects', Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2008;295(2):H578-586.

L Faes, A Porta, G Nollo: 'Mutual nonlinear prediction as a tool to evaluate coupling strength and directionality in bivariate time series: Comparison among different strategies based on k nearest neighbors', Phys Rev E 2008;78:026201.

2007
F Ravelli, M Mase, M Del Greco, L Faes, M Disertori: 'Deterioration of organization in the first minutes of atrial fibrillation: a beat-to-beat analysis of cycle length and wave similarity', J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2007;18(1):60-65.

L Faes, G Nollo, F Ravelli, L Ricci, M Vescovi, M Turatto, F Pavani, R Antolini: 'Small-sample characterization of stochastic approximation staircases in forced-choice adaptive threshold estimation', Perception & Psychophysics 2007;69(2):254-262.

A Porta, L Faes, M Masè, G D’Addio, GD Pinna, R Maestri, N Montano, R Furlan, S Guzzetti, G Nollo, A Malliani: 'An integrated approach based on uniform quantization for the evaluation of complexity of short-term heart period variability: application to 24h Holter recordings', Chaos 2007;17(1):015117.

L Faes, F Ravelli: 'A morphology–based approach to the evaluation of atrial fibrillation organization', IEEE Eng Med Biol Mag 2007;26(4):59-67.

A Cristoforetti, M Masè, L Faes, M Centonze, M Del Greco, R Antolini, G Nollo, F Ravelli: 'A stochastic approach for automatic registration and fusion of left atrial electroanatomic maps with 3D CT anatomical images', Phys Med Biol 2007;52(20):6323-6337.

2006
L Faes, L Widesott, M Del Greco, R Antolini, G Nollo: 'Causal cross-spectral analysis of heart rate and blood pressure variability for describing the impairment of the cardiovascular control in neurally mediated syncope', IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2006;53:65-73.

L Faes, G Nollo: 'Bivariate nonlinear prediction to quantify the strength of complex dynamical interactions in short-term cardiovascular variability', Med Biol Eng Comput 2006;44(5):383-392.

L Faes, R Cucino, G Nollo: 'Mixed predictability and cross-validation to assess nonlinear Granger causality in short cardiovascular variability series', Biomedizinische Technik (Biomedical Engineering) 2006;51(4):255-259.

2005
G Nollo, L Faes, A Porta, R Antolini, F Ravelli: 'Exploring directionality in spontaneous heart period and systolic pressure variability interactions in humans. Implications in the evaluation of the baroreflex gain', Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2005;288(4):H1777-H1785.

F Ravelli, L Faes, L Sandrini, F Gaita, R Antolini, M Scaglione, G Nollo 'wave similarity mapping shows the spatiotemporal distribution of fibrillatory wave complexity in the human right atrium during paroxysmal and chronic atrial fibrillation', J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol 2005;16:1071-1076.

M Masè, L Faes, R Antolini, M Scaglione, F Ravelli ‘Quantification of synchronization during atrial fibrillation by Shannon entropy: validation in patients and computer model of atrial arrhythmias’, Physiol Meas 2005;26:911-923.

2004
L Faes, GD Pinna, A Porta, R Maestri, G Nollo: 'Surrogate data analysis for assessing the significance of the coherence function', IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2004;51(7):1156-1166.

L Faes, A Porta, R Cucino, S Cerutti, R Antolini, G Nollo: 'Causal transfer function analysis to describe the closed loop interactions between cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory variability signals', Biol Cybern 2004;90(6):390-399.

B Pellegrini, L Faes, G Nollo, F Schena: 'Quantifying the contribution of arm postural tremor to the outcome of goal-directed pointing task by displacement measures', J Neurosci Methods 2004;139:185-193.

2003
G Nollo, L Faes, A Porta, B Pellegrini, F Ravelli, M Del Greco, M Disertori, R Antolini: 'Evidence of unbalanced regulatory mechanism of heart rate and systolic pressure after acute myocardial infarction', Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2002;83:H1200-H1207.

L Faes, G Nollo, R Antolini, F Gaita, F Ravelli: 'A method for quantifying atrial fibrillation organization based on wave morphology similarity', IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 2002;49:1504-1513.

L Faes, G Nollo, R Antolini: 'Experimental approach for testing the uncoupling between cardiovascular variability series', Med Biol Eng Comput 2002;40:565-570.

2002
G Nollo, A Porta, L Faes, M Del Greco, M Disertori, F Ravelli: 'Causal linear parametric model for baroreflex gain assessment in patients with recent myocardial infarction', Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 2001;280:H1830-H1839.

L Faes, G Nollo, M Kirchner, E Olivetti, F Gaita, R Riccardi, R Antolini: 'Principal component analysis and cluster analysis for measuring the local organisation of human atrial fibrillation', Med Biol Eng Comput 2001;39:656-663.


Published - Conference papers

C Varon, L Faes, D Testelmans, B Buyse, S Van Huffel: 'Information transfer between respiration and heart rate during sleep apnea', Comp. Cardiol. 2016, 43:845-848 (art n. 7868875). ISSN: 2325-8861.

L Faes
, M Javorka, G Nollo: 'Information-theoretic assessment of cardiovascular variability during postural and mental stress', XIV Mediterr. Conf. Med. Biol. Eng. Comput., 2016, IFMBE Proceedings 57, pp. 67-70.

L Faes
, A Montalto, S Stramaglia, G Nollo, D Marinazzo: 'Multiscale Analysis of Information Dynamics for Linear Multivariate Processes', Proc of the 38th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2016, pp. 5489-5492.

L Schiatti, L Faes, J Tessadori, L De Mattos: 'Mutual information-based feature selection for low-cost BCIs based on motor imagery', Proc of the 38th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2016, pp. 2772-2775.

L Faes
, M Javorka, G Nollo: 'Information-theoretic assessment of cardiovascular variability during postural and mental stress', XIV Mediterr. Conf. Med. Biol. Eng. Comput., 2016, IFMBE Proceedings 57, pp. 67-70.

L Faes, G Nollo, D Marinazzo: 'Evaluation of Granger causality for scalp EEG signals: the effects of volume conduction', 38th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, Minisymposium on “Advances in Brain Connectivity Analysis: Perspectives and Pitfalls” , Orlando, FL, Aug 19, 2016.

L Faes, D Marinazzo, A Porta, G Nollo, 'Prediction and entropy measures of brain-to-heart causal interaction in patients with sleep disorders', 9th European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2016), Lancaster, UK. April 10-14, 2016, pp. 70-71.

V Bari, A Marchi, B De Maria, G Rossato, G Nollo, L Faes, A Porta, 'Conditional joint transfer entropy in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular control systems of subjects prone to postural syncope', 9th European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2016), Lancaster, UK. April 10-14, 2016, pp. 37-38.

D Wejer,  D Makowiec, L Faes, B Graff, S Budrejko, ZR Struzik, 'Cardiovascular interactions during head-up tilt test by transfer entropy between ordinal patterns of heart rate and blood pressure', 9th European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2016), Lancaster, UK. April 10-14, 2016, pp. 207-208.

G Valenza, L Faes, L Citi, M Orini, R Barbieri, 'An Instantaneous Estimation of Transfer Entropy using Point-Process Models with Application to Cardio-Respiratory Dynamics', ESGCO 2016, 9th European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2016), Lancaster, UK. April 10-14, 2016, pp.197-198.

L Faes, A Porta, G Nollo: 'Redundant and synergistic information transfer in cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory variability', Proc of the 37th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2015, pp. 4033-4036.

L Faes, A Porta, G Nollo: 'Algorithms for the inference of causality in dynamic processes: application to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular variability', Proc of the 37th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2015, pp. 1789-1792.

D Wejer, L Faes, D Makowiec: 'Causal relationships in the variability of cardiovascular system evoked by orthostatic stress by transfer entropy', Proc of the 37th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2015, pp. 3799-3802.

G Valenza, L Faes, L Citi, M Orini, R Barbieri: 'Instantaneous transfer entropy for the study of the cardio-respiratory dynamics', Proc of the 37th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2015, pp. 7885-7888.

L Faes, D Marinazzo, G Nollo: ' Information-Theoretic Assessment of Cardiovascular-Brain Networks during Sleep ', Comp. Cardiol, 2015, 42:625-628.

D Wejer, L Faes, D Makowiec, B Graff: 'Causal relationships in cardiovascular system revealed by transfer entropy', Comp. Cardiol, 2015.

D Widjaja, C Varon, D Testelmans, B Buyse, L Faes, S Van Huffel: ' Separating respiratory influences from the tachogram: methods and their sensitivity to the type of respiratory signal', Comp. Cardiol, 2014; 41:609-612.

C Varon, K Jansen, L Lagae, L Faes, S Van Huffel: 'Transient behavior of cardiorespiratory interactions towards the onset of epileptic seizures', Comp. Cardiol, 2014; 41:917-920.

D Widjaja, L Faes, A Montalto, I Van Dienst, D Marinazzo, S Van Huffel: 'Information dynamics in cardiorespiratory analyses: application to controlled breathing', Proc of the 36th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2014, pp. 6353-6356.

L Faes, D Widjaja, S Van Huffel, G Nollo: 'Investigating cardiac and respiratory determinants of heart rate variability in an information-theoretic framework', Proc of the 36th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2014, pp. 6020-6023.

L Faes, D Marinazzo, F Jurysta, G Nollo: 'Granger causality analysis of sleep brain-heart interactions', 8th Conference of the European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2014), ISBN 978-1-4799-3969-5, 2014; pp. 5-6.

D Widjaja, A Montalto, E Vlemincx, D Marinazzo, L Faes, S Van Huffel: 'Information dynamics in cardiorespiratory time series during mental stress testing', 8th Conference of the European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2014), ISBN 978-1-4799-3969-5, 2014; pp. 23-24.

C Varon, A Montalto, K Jansen, L Lagae, D Marinazzo, L Faes, S Van Huffel: 'Interictal cardiorespiratory variability in temporal lobe and absence epilepsy in childhood', 8th Conference of the European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2014), ISBN 978-1-4799-3969-5, 2014; pp. 31-32.

L Schiatti, G Nollo, G Rossato, L Faes: 'Investigating cardiovascular and cerebrovascular variability in postural syncope by means of extended Granger causality', 8th Conference of the European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2014), ISBN 978-1-4799-3969-5, 2014; pp. 43-44.

A Montalto, L Faes, D Marinazzo: 'MuTE: a new Matlab toolbox for estimating the multivariate transfer entropy in physiological variability series', 8th Conference of the European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2014), ISBN 978-1-4799-3969-5, 2014; pp. 59-60.

K Andersson, OB Suhr, L Faes, U Wiklund: 'Directed coherence analysis in patients with severe autonomic dysfunction', 8th Conference of the European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations (ESGCO 2014), ISBN 978-1-4799-3969-5, 2014; pp. 167-168.


L Faes, G Nollo, 'Decomposing the transfer entropy to quantify lag-specific Granger causality in cardiovascular variability', Proc of the 35th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2013, 5049-5052.

L Faes, A Montalto, G Nollo, D Marinazzo: 'Information decomposition of short-term cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory variability', Comp in Cardiol 2013; 40:113-116.

A Montalto, D Marinazzo, D Kugiumtzis, G Nollo, L Faes: 'Comparing model-free and model-based transfer entropy estimators in cardiovascular variability', Comp in Cardiol 2013; 40:747-750.

L Faes, G Nollo, A Porta: 'Information-theoretic analysis of short-term cardiovascular variability in orthostatic syncope', 7th European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations, Kazimierz Dolny, Poland. April 22-25, 2012.

L Faes, G Nollo, KH Chon, JP Florian: 'Frequency domain assessment of baroreflex sensitivity from spontaneous heart period and systolic pressure variability following prolonged water immersion', 7th European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations, Kazimierz Dolny, Poland. April 22-25, 2012.

L Faes, S Erla, G Nollo, 'Block partial directed coherence: a new tool for the structural analysis of brain networks', 7th International Workshop on Biosignal Interpretation (BSI2012); Como, Italy. July 2-5, 2012;25-28.

L Faes, S Erla, G Nollo, 'Compensating for instantaneous signal mixing in transfer entropy analysis of neurobiological time series', Proc of the 34th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2012, 3672-3675.


L Faes, G Nollo: 'Assessing directional interactions among multiple physiological time series: the role of instantaneous causality', Proc of the 33th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2011, 5919-5922.

U Richter, L Faes, F Ravelli, L Sornmo: 'Propagation pattern analysis during atrial fibrillation based on the adaptive group LASSO', Proc of the 33th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2011, 5535-5538.


L Faes, G Nollo, A Porta, 'Detection of causality in short term cardiovascular interactions: a method based on non-uniform embedding and conditional entropy' 6th European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations, Berlin, Germany. April 12-14, 2010.

L Faes, S Erla, E Tranquillini, D Orrico, G Nollo, 'An identifiable model to assess frequency-domain Granger causality in the presence of significant instantaneous interactions', Proc of the 32th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2010, 102-105.

L Faes, G Nollo, S Erla, C Papadelis, C Braun, A Porta, 'Detecting nonlinear causal interactions between dynamical systems by non-uniform embedding of multiple time series ', Proc of the 32th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2010, 1699-1702.

S Erla, C Papadelis, L Faes, C Braun, G Nollo, 'Studying Brain Visuo-Tactile Integration through Cross-Spectral Analysis of Human MEG Recordings', Medicon 2010, IFMBE Proceedings 2010;29:73-76.


S Erla, L Faes, G Nollo: 'Robust estimation of partial directed coherence by the vector optimal parameter search algorithm', Proc of the 4th IEEE-EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, 2009;734-737.

L Faes, A Porta, G Nollo: 'Surrogate data approaches to assess the significance of directed coherence: application to EEG activity propagation', Proc of the 31th Annual Int Conf IEEE-EMBS, 2009; 6280-6283.

L Faes, G Nollo: 'Frequency domain evaluation of causality by multivariate autoregressive models with instantaneous effects', 6th International Workshop on Biosignal Interpretation, New Haven, CT, USA. June 23-26, 2009;60-63.

S Erla, L Faes, G Nollo: 'Quantifying changes in EEG complexity induced by photic stimulation', 6th International Workshop on Biosignal Interpretation, New Haven, CT, USA. June 23-26, 2009;212-215.

CG Scully, L Faes, G Nollo, KH Chon: 'Evaluation of the automatic-selection method for the threshold r for approximate entropy', 6th International Workshop on Biosignal Interpretation, New Haven, CT, USA. June 23-26, 2009;166-169.


H Zhao, L Faes, G Nollo, KH Chon: 'Parametric and nonparametric methods to generate time-varying surrogate data', Proc of the 30th Annual Int Conf IEEE EMBS, 2008;3504-3507.

L Faes, S Erla, G Nollo: 'Quantifying the complexity of short-term heart period variability through K- nearest neighbor local linear prediction', Comp in Cardiol 2008;35:549-552.

L Faes, G Nollo, KH Chon: 'Linear and nonlinear parametric model identification to assess Granger causality in short-term cardiovascular interactions', Comp in Cardiol 2008;35:793-796.

L Faes, H Zhao, K H Chon, G Nollo: 'A method to assess nonlinear dynamics in nonstationary time series based on time-varying surrogate data', 5th European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations, Parma, Italy. April 7-9, 2008.

G Nollo, L Faes, M Masè, C Gasperi, F Ravelli, A Cevese: 'Low frequency cardiovascular oscillations investigated by causal cross-spectral analysis during -blockade in healthy humans: results of a case report study', 5th European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations, Parma, Italy. April 7-9, 2008.


L Faes, A Porta, G Nollo: 'Mutual nonlinear prediction of cardiovascular variability series: comparison between exogenous and autoregressive exogenous models', Proc of the 29th Annual Int Conf IEEE EMBS, 2007; 5954-5957.

L Faes, S Erla, S Greiner, K H Chon, G Nollo: 'Time-varying nonlinear prediction of EEG signals', Proc. of the Neuromath workshop 2007; 47-48. Rome, Italy. December 4-5, 2007.

S Erla, S Greiner, L Faes, D Orrico, E Tranquillini, M Lisanti, G Nollo: ''Predictability maps of the brain electrical activity', Proc. of the Neuromath workshop 2007; 45-46. Rome, Italy. December 4-5, 2007.


L Faes, R Cucino, G Nollo: 'Evaluation of a nonlinear prediction algorithm quantifying regularity, synchronization and directionality in short cardiovascular variability series', Comp in Cardiol 2006;33:177-180.

R Cucino, L Faes, G Nollo: 'Exploring Causal Interactions between Blood Pressure and RR Interval at the respiratory frequency', Comp in Cardiol 2006;33:649-652.

L Faes, R Cucino, G Nollo: 'Mixed predictability and cross-validation to assess nonlinear Granger causality in short cardiovascular variability series', European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations, Jena, Germany. May 15-17, 2006.

G Nollo, L Faes, R Cucino, A Porta: 'Causal coherence analysis to disclose feedback and feedforward cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms in humans', European Study Group on Cardiovascular Oscillations, Jena, Germany. May 15-17, 2006.


M Masè, L Faes, G Nollo, R Antolini, F Ravelli: 'Determination of synchronization of electrical activity in the heart by Shannon entropy measure', First international meeting on applied physics, Badajoz, Spain. October 13-18,2003; in: Recent Advances in Multidisciplinary Applied Physics, Amsterdam, Elsevier, pp. 235-239, 2005.

L Faes, A Porta, R Antolini, G Nollo: 'Role of causality in the evaluation of coherence and transfer function between heart period and systolic pressure in humans', Comp in Cardiol 2004;31:277-280.

M Masè, F Ravelli, L Faes, R Antolini, G Nollo: 'Quantitative assessment of synchronization during atrial fibrillation by Shannon Entropy characterization of propagation delays', Comp in Cardiol 2004;31:257-260.

G Nollo, A Cristoforetti, L Faes, M Centonze, M Del Greco, R Antolini, F Ravelli: 'Registration and fusion of segmented left atrium CT images with CARTO electrical maps for the ablative treatment of atrial fibrillation', Comp in Cardiol 2004;31:345-348.

L Faes, C Gasperi, R Cucino, A Cevese, R Antolini, G Nollo: 'A method for the causal cross-spectral analysis of heart period and arterial pressure interactions', MEDICON 2004 Conference, Ischia, Italy. August, 1-5, 2004.


L Faes, L Sandrini, F Ravelli, R Antolini, G Nollo: 'Quantitative assessment of regularity and synchronization of intracardiac recordings during human atrial fibrillation', Comp in Cardiol 2002;29:597-600.

L Sandrini, L Faes, F Ravelli, R Antolini, G Nollo: 'Morphology-based measurement of activation time in human atrial fibrillation', Comp in Cardiol 2002;29:593-596.

G Nollo, L Widesott, L Faes, A Porta, R Antolini: 'Need of causal analysis for assessing phase relationships in closed loop interacting cardiovascular variability series', Comp in Cardiol 2002;29:61-64.


L Faes, G Nollo, R Antolini: 'Investigating the level of significance of the coherence function in cardiovascular variability analysis', Comp in Cardiol 2001;28:481-484.

L Widesott, G Nollo, L Faes, A Porta, M Del Greco, R Antolini: 'Spectral decomposition of RR-variability obtained by an open loop parametric model for the diagnosis of neuromediate syncope', Comp in Cardiol 2001;28:477-480.


M Kirchner, L Faes, E Olivetti, R Riccardi, M Scaglione, F Gaita, R Antolini: 'Local electrical characterisation of human atrial fibrillation', Comp in Cardiol 2000;27:499-502.

G Nollo, L Faes, A Porta, B Pellegrini, R Antolini: 'Synchronization index for quantifying nonlinear causal coupling between RR interval and systolic arterial pressure after myocardial infarction', Comp in Cardiol 2000;27:143-146.


L Faes, G Nollo, A Porta, F Ravelli: 'Nonivasive assessment of baroreflex sensitivity in post-MI patients by an open loop parametric model of RR-systolic pressure interactions', Comp in Cardiol 1999;26:217-220.


Published - Abstracts

A Montalto, L Faes, D Marinazzo: ' MuTE: a freeware, modular toolbox to evaluate Multivariate Transfer Entropy and Artificial Neural Networks Granger causality', 2nd Belgian Neuroinformatics Congress 2015. Front. Neuroinf. 2015; doi: 10.3389/conf.fninf.2015.19.00035.

B Graff, D Wejer, L Faes, G Graff, D Makowiec, K Narkiewicz: 'The use of transfer entropy method for the assessment of cardiovascular regulation during head-up tilt test', Autonomic Neurosci 2015; 192:101-102. doi: 10.1016/j.autneu.2015.07.152.

F Jurysta, L Faes, G Nollo, G Loas, D Marinazzo, P Linkowski: 'Study of the dynamic information between heart and brain networks during nocturnal sleep', 22nd Congress of the European Sleep Research Society, 2014. J. Sleep Res. 2014; 23:95.

L Faes
, D. Marinazzo, D. Kugiumtzis, A. Montalto, G. Nollo, 'Predictive information decomposition in complex physiological networks', 34th Dynamics Days Europe, 2014, Bayreuth, Germany. Sept 8-12, 2014. Abstract book pp. 88.

JP Florian, EE Simmons, KH Chon, L Faes, BE Shykoff, 'Cardiovascular and autonomic responses to stressors following 6 hours of water immersion', Experimental Biology 2013 Conference, 2013, Boston, Usa. April 20-24, 2013. FASEB J, 2013; 27:716.2.

L Faes, G Nollo, 'Quantification of nonlinear causal interactions among short-term heart period, systolic pressure and respiration variability in healthy humans', 37th International Congress on Electrocardiology, 2010, Lund, Sweden. April 12-14, 2010; J Electrocardiol 2011; 44:e48.

G Nollo, M Masè, W Mattei, R Cucino, L Faes, 'Assessment of a prototype equipment for cuff-less measurement of systolic and diastolic arterial blood pressure ', 37th International Congress on Electrocardiology, 2010, Lund, Sweden. April 12-14, 2010. J Electrocardiol 2011; 44:e57.

U Richter, L Faes, A Cristoforetti, M Masè, F Ravelli, M Stridh, L Sornmo, 'A novel approach to investigating propagation patterns in endocardial atrial fibrillation signals', 37th International Congress on Electrocardiology, 2010, Lund, Sweden. April 12-14, 2010. J Electrocardiol 2011; 44:e27.

L Faes, S Erla, G Nollo, 'Investigating the impact of instantaneous causality on frequency domain connectivity measures', Meeting of the Society of Autonomic Neuroscience, 2011, Thessaloniki, Greece. May 7, 2011. Neurosci Lett 2011; 500S:e9.

M Del Greco, G Nollo, A Cristoforetti, M Centonze, M Marini, L Faes, F Ravelli, M Disertori: “Integration of electroanatomic mapping and multidetector computed tomography as a guide for atrial fibrillation catheter ablation.”, Europace 2005;7(Supplement 1):256 (Abstract).

G Nollo, A Cristoforetti, M Del Greco, M Centonze, L Faes, R Antolini, M Disertori, F Ravelli: 'Fusion of electroanatomic maps with 3D tomographic images of left atrium and pulmonary veins in patients with atrial fibrillation', Eur Heart J 2004; 25:344 (Abstract).

B Pellegrini, L Faes, G Nollo, F Schena: 'Spectral analysis of arm joints tremor and its relation with the outcome of the aiming task', Gait and Posture 2001; 14:145 (Abstract).

G Nollo, L Faes, A Porta, M Del Greco, M Disertori, F Ravelli: 'Open loop model for non-invasive baroreflex sensitivity assessment in patients with recent myocardial infarction', PACE 1999; 22:A20 (Abstract).



Last updated Jun 30, 2016